罗素的自由思想十诫

1951年,罗素说他会用这十条原则教育孩子,这是他所知道的对抗狂热和盲信最好的武器。

我想,不仅是孩子,我们每一个人都应当把这十诫常置心中。

  1. Do not feel absolutely certain of anything. 凡事不要抱绝对肯定的态度。
  2. Do not think it worthwhile to proceed by concealing evidence, for the evidence is sure to come to light. 不要试图继续隐瞒证据,因为证据最终会被暴露。
  3. Never discourage thinking for you are sure to succeed. 不要害怕思考,因为思考总能让人有所补益。
  4. When you meet with opposition, even if it should be from your spouse or children, endeavour to overcome it by argument and not authority, for a victory dependent upon authority is unreal and illusory. 有人与你意见相左时,都应该努力用争论去说服他们,而不是用权威去征服,因为靠权威取得的胜利是虚幻而自欺欺人的。
  5. Have no respect for the authority of others as there are always contrary authorities to be found. 不用盲目地崇拜任何权威,因为你总能找到相反的权威。
  6. Do not use power to suppress opinions you think pernicious, for, if you do, the opinions will suppress you.
    不要用权力去压制你认为有害的意见,因为如果你采取压制,其实只说明你自己受到了这些意见的压制。
  7. Do not fear to be eccentric in opinion, for every opinion now accepted was once eccentric. 不要为自己持独特看法而感到害怕,因为我们现在所接受的常识都曾是独特看法。
  8. Find more pleasure in intelligent dissent than in passive agreement, for, if you value intelligence, as you should, the former implies a deeper agreement than the latter.
    与其被动地同意别人的看法,不如理智地表示反对,因为如果你信自己的智慧,那么你的异议正表明了更多的赞同;
  9. Be scrupulously truthful, even when the truth is inconvenient, for it is more inconvenient when you try to conceal it.
    即使真相并不令人愉快,也一定要做到诚实,因为掩盖真相往往要费更大力气;
  10. Do not feel envious of the happiness of those who live in a fool’s paradise, for only a fool will think it is paradise.
    不要嫉妒那些在蠢人的天堂里享受幸福的人,因为只有蠢人才以为那是天堂。

——Bertrand Russell 伯特兰德.罗素

最后修改:2019 年 03 月 17 日 12 : 04 AM

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